Health Care


What is TMJ? Know the TMJ Treatment in The UK

Jaw and facial pain can be unbearable, and it gets worse if you’re not sure what’s causing it. The temporomandibular joint is often associated with facial pain. The joint that joins the bones of your upper and lower jaws is called a hinge. When this joint isn’t functioning correctly, it may indicate that you have TMJ, or temporomandibular joint condition. With the help of the TMJ treatment in UK, you can manage the health issues that cause such problems.

The complicated joint that allows you to move your jaw forward, backward, and sideways is made up of a number of muscles, ligaments, discs, and bones. You may feel pain and have difficulty moving your jaw when something is wrong with your jaw joint. It helps to know what symptoms to look for in order to comprehend TMJ and the type of treatment you’ll require.

Signs and Symptoms of TMJ

The temporomandibular joint (TMJ), which serves as a sliding hinge, connects your skull and jawbone. Your jaw has one joint on each side. Temporomandibular disorders, sometimes referred to as TMJ disorders or TMDs, can cause pain in the jaw joint itself as well as in the muscles that control jaw movement.

If you have any of the following symptoms, you may have a dysfunction of the temporomandibular joint:

  • Tenderness and pain in the joint of jaw
  • Shoulder and neck pain
  • Pain in face
  • Tiredness
  • Face swelling
  • Ear pain
  • Uncomfortable bite while chewing
  • Headache
  • Toothache
  • Dizziness
  • Locked jaw
  • Ringing in ears and hearing problem
  • Grating sensation with clicking

Causes and Risk Factors

Finding the source of your discomfort can be more challenging than just recognizing the symptoms of temporomandibular joint and nerve pain. The TMJ treatment in the UK can control the risk factors. It’s possible that neither your dentist nor your doctor can identify the source of your TMJ problem. Nonetheless, the following circumstances may result in a TMJ disorder:

  • The jaw’s disc erosion
  • Damage to joint cartilage due to arthritis
  • Teeth clenching or grinding (chronic)
  • Maintenance of poor posture
  • disorders of the connective tissue that impact your temporomandibular joint

Identifying the temporomandibular joint condition

Your dentist is typically one of the first to identify or diagnose a TMJ disorder. Nonetheless, a TMJ diagnosis and treatment can also be provided by your family doctor, an ENT specialist, or an oral surgeon. Usually, your physician will feel soreness and pain in your jaw joints.

They will also examine your jaw’s movement and the muscles in your face, listening for any clicking or grating noises when you move it. To provide a complete picture of the condition affecting your face, your doctor may also order additional tests such as an MRI or CAT scan in addition to X-rays.

Treatments for TMJ

Options for treating TMJ are numerous. You can start at home with your first line of care. However, you might need to visit your doctor for additional care if you’ve tried every at-home remedy for your jaw.

Medical Treatment

Consult your physician if you are unable to open and close your mouth or if you are experiencing chronic jaw pain and soreness. The following treatment modalities could be suggested by a physician:

  • Medications such analgesics, muscle relaxants, and anti-inflammatory medications.
  • Mouth guards or oral splints: These dental appliances, which often slide over your teeth to support the stability of your jaw, can be firm or soft.
  • Physical medicine: Your jaw can be strengthened and stretched with the aid of stretches and massage treatments from a physical therapist. Additionally, they can assess activities that may be aggravating your TMJ and do ultrasounds.
  • Surgery alternatives: Your doctor can recommend surgery or other treatments if previous forms of treatment aren’t working to ease your discomfort. Open joint surgery, arthrocentesis, joint injections, TMJ arthroscopy, and modified condylotomy are a few possible options. These treatments include both standard and non-invasive surgeries.

Home Remedies and Treatment

You can experience healing and relief when you become aware of your temporomandibular jaw condition and take appropriate care of it. The following tasks are doable at home:

  • Use a nonprescription anti-inflammatory drug such as naproxen or ibuprofen.
  • Go for soft meals. Fill up on firm meals and steer clear of those that call for large bites, such as thick sandwiches.
  • Refrain from making abrupt or needless jaw motions. When you yawn, put your hand under your chin instead of chewing gum, and refrain from activities like singing or screaming that might force your mouth to spread too widely.
  • Maintain proper posture and refrain from resting your chin on your hand.
  • Give your jaw and neck muscles a massage. Ask your physical therapist or doctor about mild stretches you may perform at home when the situation warrants it.
  • As much as you can, open your jaw and place your teeth slightly apart. If you find it difficult to not grind or clench your teeth, try inserting your tongue in between them.
  • Refrain from making abrupt or needless jaw motions. When you yawn, put your hand under your chin instead of chewing gum, and refrain from activities like singing or screaming that might force your mouth to spread too widely.
  • Use a nonprescription anti-inflammatory drug such as naproxen or ibuprofen.
  • Press on the regions surrounding your jaw to find any soreness or pain.
  • CT scan to produce fine-grained pictures of the joint’s corresponding bones.
  • Dental X-rays to evaluate your mandible and teeth.
  • MRI to identify issues with the soft tissue or disk around the joint.

Final Thoughts

Sometimes a TMJ issue is diagnosed with a TMJ arthroscopy. A tiny camera, called an arthroscope, is introduced to see the region and aid with the diagnosis after your doctor inserts a thin tube, called a cannula, into the joint space during a TMJ arthroscopy. To manage the TMJ treatment in the UK, you can deal with the analysis and the treatments related to TMJ. There are some important factors related to TMJ treatments that can help in managing aspects of the treatment.

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